India falls to 102 in hunger index, 8 ranks below #Pakistan
- India was ranked 102nd on the Global Hunger Index, an index of 117 countries
- It was the lowest-ranked among South Asian countries and way behind the other Brics nations
- Even Pakistan, which used to be the only country in South Asia to rank below India, pulled ahead in the 2019 ranking to 94th place
ndia ranked 102nd on the Global Hunger Index, an index of 117 countries. It was the lowest-ranked South Asian country (the remainder was between 66 and 94) and far behind the other BRICS nations, the lowest being South Africa at 59.
After steadily improving, India's 2015 rankings dropped to 93rd place. Even Pakistan, which used to be the only South Asian country to rank under India, ranked 94th in the 2019 ranking. The WHI score, which reflects the 2014-2018 data, is based on the proportion of malnourished children in a country, the proportion of children under the age of five who are inadequate in size or whose size does not match their age and mortality rate of children under 5 years.
Due to its large population, the Indian GHI indicator values have an excessive impact on the indicator values for the region. India's child wastage rate is extremely high at 20.8% - the highest wastage rate for all countries in this report, "reads the report on the index. The data shows that India's poor results have brought South Asia to a point where it performs worse than sub-Saharan Africa.
According to the report, only 9.6% of children between the ages of 6 and 23 in India received an acceptable minimum diet (a recent survey by the Union Department of Health showed an even lower figure of 6.4%). The WHI report praised Bangladesh's progress and attributed it to "robust economic growth and attention to nutrition-sensitive" sectors such as education, health, and sanitation.
Nepal reported the highest percentage change in its rankings since 2000, reflecting higher household wealth (an indicator of household wealth), improved maternal education, improved hygiene, and the implementation and use of health and nutrition programs, according to the report.including, was attributed to prenatal and neonatal care.
The WHI ranked the countries on a 100-point scale, with 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 the worst. Values below 10 are not very hungry, values between 20 and 34.9 are a strong appetite, values between 35 and 49.9 are alarming, and values of 50 or more are extremely alarming. India's score was 30.3, placing it in the heavy famine category.
There were only four countries in the category "alarming hunger" and the Central African Republic in the category "extremely alarming hunger".The report warned that climate change is causing an alarming level of hunger and makes it harder to feed people in the world's most vulnerable regions. Climate change has affected the quality and safety of food and worsened the nutritional value of cultural foods. The report noted that while there has been progressed since 2000, the world still has a long way to go to reach the zero-hunger target.
Note: Data for GHI scores are from 1998–2002 (2000), 2003–2007 (2005), 2008–2012 (2010), and 2014–2018 (2019). Data for child stunting and child wasting are from 1998–2002, 2003–2007, 2008–2012, and 2014–2018. Data for undernourishment are from 1999–2001, 2004–2006, 2009–2011, and 2016–2018. Data for child mortality are from 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2017. See Appendix B of the 2019 GHI report for additional information regarding the selection of indicator data.